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Amritsar, Punjab

Amritsar, Punjab

Amritsar, the holy city in Punjab, is famous for the Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple, a major pilgrimage site for Sikhs.

Amritsar, a city rich in history and culture, is the crown jewel of Punjab, India. Founded in 1574 by Guru Ram Das, the fourth Sikh Guru, Amritsar translates to “Pool of Nectar” in the Punjabi language. The city is a major center for Sikhism, a religion founded in the 15th century, and is home to the religion’s holiest site, the Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple.

The Golden Temple is a breathtaking sight, with its golden dome and intricate marble architecture reflecting in the holy waters of the Amrit Sarovar pool. The gurdwara (Sikh place of worship) is a place of immense peace and spiritual significance, where visitors from all walks of life can come to pray and meditate.

Beyond its spiritual significance, Amritsar is also a vibrant city with a rich history. The city was a key center of trade during the Mughal Empire, and its bazaars are still abuzz with activity today. Visitors can find everything from traditional Punjabi handicrafts to delicious local food in the bustling markets.

Amritsar is also a great place to learn about the history of the partition of India in 1947. The Jallianwala Bagh complex is a memorial to the peaceful protesters who were massacred by British troops in 1919. Visitors can also visit the Wagah Border, where an elaborate flag-lowering ceremony takes place every evening between the Indian Border Security Force and the Pakistan Rangers.

Places to visit in Amritsar

  1. Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib):The holiest pilgrimage site for Sikhs, this iconic temple features a shimmering gold dome and intricate marble architecture. It’s a place of peace and tranquility, open to visitors of all faiths for prayer and meditation.
  2. Durgiana Temple: A stunning Hindu temple dedicated to Goddess Durga. The sprawling complex features a lotus-shaped pool reflecting the golden facade, creating a mesmerizing spectacle.
  3. Jallianwala Bagh:A poignant memorial to the peaceful protesters who were massacred by British troops in 1919. The complex includes bullet marks on the walls and a well where people jumped in to escape the gunfire.
  4. Partition Museum:A recently built museum that showcases the harrowing tales of partition of India in 1947. Through exhibits, photographs, and personal accounts, the museum sheds light on this significant historical event.
  5. Wagah Border: Witness the daily retreat ceremony between the Indian Border Security Force (BSF) and the Pakistan Rangers at this border checkpoint. The energetic display of patriotism and the lowering of the flags is a powerful sight.
  6. Gobindgarh Fort:This historical fort houses a museum showcasing the Sikh martial history. Visitors can enjoy live demonstrations of sword fighting and other traditional activities.
  7. Khalsa College:A renowned educational institution established in the late 19th century. The beautiful red-brick architecture and historical significance make it a popular tourist spot.
  8. Hall Bazaar: Immerse yourself in the bustling atmosphere of Amritsar’s main bazaar. Here you can find a plethora of shops selling traditional Punjabi handicrafts, textiles, spices, and souvenirs.